Candy, specifically sugar candy, is
a confection made from a concentrated solution of
sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants
are added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties
and have a long history in popular culture.
The Middle English word "candy" began
to be used in the late 13th century, coming into
English from the Old French çucre candi,
derived in turn from Persian Qand and Qandi, "cane
sugar". In North America, candy is a broad
category that includes candy bars, chocolates, licorice,
sour candies, salty candies, tart candies, hard
candies, taffies, gumdrops, marshmallows, and more.
Vegetables, fruit, or nuts which have been glazed
and coated with sugar are said to be candied.
Outside North America, the generic English-language
name for candy is "sweets" or "confectionery"
(United Kingdom, Ireland, South Africa and other
commonwealth countries). In Australia and New Zealand,
chocolate, sweets or candy is collectively known
In North America, Australia, NZ and the UK, the
word "lollipop" refers specifically to
sugar candy with flavoring on a stick. While not
used in the generic sense of North America, the
term candy is used in the UK for specific types
of foods such as candy floss (cotton candy in North
America and fairy floss in Australia), and certain
other sugar based products such as candied fruit.
A popular candy in Latin America is the so-called
pirulin(also known as piruli), which is a multicolor,
conic-shaped hard candy of about 10 to 15 cm long,
with a sharp conical or pyramidal point, with a
stick in the base, and wrapped in cellophane.